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Durban Early Detection and Rapid Response

Pompom Weed Campuloclinium macrocephalum

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Common Name
Pompom Weed
Classification
CARA Category 1
NEMBA 1b

An erect perennial with green stems up to 1.3m high, this herb is part of the Asteraceae family and originates from central and south America. It has dense clusters of pink, fluffy flowerheads and leaves concentrated on the base of the plant. The leaves are light green with serrated margins and are lance-shaped, becoming small and more distant upwards. The Pompom Weed flowers between December and March and spreads easily by seed, but it can also regenerate from underground rhizomes.

Why is it a problem?
It causes serious degradation of the veld, lowering biodiversity and reducing the grazing capacity by being unpalatable to large herbivores.
Control method
Three herbicides have been registered for this invasive. It is important to note that destroying the above-ground parts of the plant by means of mechanical or chemical method can actually make the problem worse. This is because it stimulates the rhizomes to shoot and therefore produce more flowers. If this is done repetitively however, it is possible that the plant may become exhausted. Biological control is more efficient as well as more cost effective. The rust fungus, Puccinia eupatorii, was introduced un South Africa and tests have shown that the rust has a significant impact on prohibiting plant growth. Other potential biological control agents, the flower-feeding moth, Cochylis campuloclinium, and the stem-galling thrip, Liothrips tractabilis, are under investigation. Mechanical control has proven to be ineffective in areas of high infestation, but are certainly appropriate where very small numbers of plants occur.
Where is it a problem?
This plant has invaded the grassland regions of the Gauteng, KZN, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and Eastern Cape provinces.

Identifying other species

For help with identifying other species, submit your photo and observations to
iSpot: www.ispot.org.za

The iSpot experts may be able to provide a name.

 

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